Paramodern architecture has opened up new possibilities that transcend the self-imposed limitations of modernism in architecture, and that have resulted in uniformity, while taking advantage of its capabilities and efficiency to the fullest. The founder of paramodern architecture is the Japanese architect Shuhei Endo. Unline, Otto Wagner or similar old-world architects, Endo composes his work on strict modern designs.
Constraints in the elements can be considered as one of the main reasons why modernism in architecture has not gained wealth in its character. Because of this, Endo experimented with non-compositional methods in two types of architecture. The first type is based on re-examination of the basic assumptions of architecture, ie complete separation from the exterior. This type of architecture consists of an open space called “Halftecture”. In others, architectural spaces are created with a single element, that is, a continuous strip of slabs encompassing the roof and wall, rather than with compositional elements obtained by breaking architecture into its elements, called “Rooftecture”. These objects are concrete examples of attempts to realize the possibilities of Paramodern architecture. This concept is realized in small facilities such as buildings – bicycle parking, public toilet, and train station. These “Halftecture” obscure structures that encompass spaces, are built in continuity, like simple steel buildings. This type of construction indicates the possibility of building new architectural structures.
Building material is an industrial product produced using corrugated steel foils. Many “Halftecture” designs are made of corrugated steel foil. These plates are load-bearing elements, and are durable and recyclable due to their galvanized surface. The “halftecture” of the interior and exterior is inverted and the interior and exterior are connected by continuous strips of steel plates, forming para-modern spaces. In an effort to create an open space in “Halftecture,” Endo discovered the possibility of using slab strips as a building material. Over time, the Rooftecture method; is a realized slab that includes both a roof and a wall of continuous strips. It can be said that “Rooftecture” refers to an architectural process in which a roof and a wall are continuously formed, and which have been identified as the only way to create architectural spaces. With the help of these continuous roof / wall strips, an attempt was made to create a space without restrictions, and without monotony in that space. Further possibilities of this type of architecture are being explored.
huhei Endo was born in 1960 in Japan, graduated in 1986 in Kyoto, and in 1988 the Shuhei Endo Architect Institute was founded. He has been a professor at the Salzbulg Summer Academy in Austria since 2004, and is currently a professor at the Graduate School of Kobe University in Japan.